Dada, an “art” movement that was “anti-art.” In terms of Duchamp, (who are friend below will go into detail) a 20th century French artist, had a disdain for the convention of tradition – hence why he turned a urinal into what he titled “Fountain.” Duchamp became associated with the movement in Paris during the WWI, when many Europeans realized that their society was breaking down. So, with a breakdown in society brought about a breakaway from tradition.
Duchamp’s readymades (i.e. “Fountain” and his “Bicycle Wheel”) were in a sense a conscious effort to break every rule of traditional art, in order to create a new type of art – a type of art that engages the mind and provokes the viewer to participate and think. Duchamp came up with the idea to discard art’s most fundamental values of artisanship and beauty. The readymades were the final solution of how Duchamp created a work of art that is not “art.”
Duchamp’s readymades were composed of assemblages, altered images, and prefabricated objects. The manufactured items were normally brought right off a shelf or salvaged, and often unaltered. Duchamp then would put all the pieces he wished together, and gave them abstruse titles, or even inscribed them with a phrase that was absolutely utter non-sense. It was the idea of putting all these random objects together that later artists were inspired from. Duchamp’s use of everyday objects, to create “art” in a sense gave influence to later artists such as Rauschenberg, Johns, and even Warhol. It was Duchamp’s idea that the artist declares what the art is that can be seen throughout all three of the artist’s works mentioned above.
ART IS ART BECAUSE THE ARTIST SAID SO. GENIUS.